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Glossary Of Jewellery Making [One]

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1. ABALONE

These edible sea creatures are members of a large class of molluscs that have one piece shells with an iridescent interior. These shells have a low and open spiral structure, and are characterized by several open respiratory pores in a row near the shell’s outer edge. The thick inner layer of the shell is composed of a dichroic substance called nacre or mother-of-pearl, which in many species is highly iridescent, giving rise to a range of strong and changeable colors, making it ideal for jewellery and other decorative objects. Iridescent nacre varies in colour from silvery white, to pink, red and green-red, through to deep blues, greens and purples.


2. ACCENT BEAD

Similar in purpose to a Focal Bead, this is a bead that forms the focus for a piece of jewellery, but on this occasion rather then through its size, it is usually through contrast. So for example it will be an unusual shape, of a different colour, or differing in pattern or texture.

3. ACID WASHED

Use of an acid to create a Matte finish on glass or other materials.

4. ACRYLIC

A man made resin or thermoplastic used to make moulded plastic beads or applied to the surface of beads to give them colour or Lustre. Due to improvements in technology acrylic beads are an economical alternative to glass and crystal, being durable and light. Click to view a selection of our Acrylic Beads.

5. ADHESIVE

Used to keep thread knots from unravelling and to keep small items such as beads in place. Also known as bead cement or glue.



6. AGATE

Is a microcrystalline variety of Quartz characterised by its fineness of grain and brightness and range of colours. Agates are normally associated with volcanic rocks but can also be found in certain metamorphic rocks. Agates have been used in jewellery making since ancient times with archeological finds in Crete placing its use to the Bronze Age



7. ALABASTER BEADS

A form of Gypsum that is soft enough to be hand carved into beads, jewellery, or more ambitiously statues. It gives beads a dense translucent white or tinted finish reminiscent of old Milk Glass.

8. ALLOY

A metal mixture made from the combination of two or more metallic elements or metallic and nonmetallic elements usually fused together or dissolved into each other when molten in order to provide added strength and durability. Brass, White Gold, Sterling Silver and Pewter are examples of alloys with, for example, brass being an alloy of zinc and copper.

9. ALUMINIUM OXIDE

A hard abrasive available in various grades and grain sizes for use in jewellery making.

10. AMAZONITE

Is a green variety of microcline feldspar and is found in coarse granite or pegmatite. It is mostly opaque and derives its name from deposits originally found in the Amazon. It is often found with white, yellow or grey inclusions and a silky lustre or silvery sheen. Colours are blue green and pale green. These stones can be found in Brazil, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Namibia, Russia, United Sates and Zimbabwe