Amethyst is the purple variety of the mineral Quartz, and comes in shades of purple, lilac or mauve. Amethyst comes from many different mining sources with deposits all over the world, which explains its wide variety of color. Its name comes from the Greek word amethystos which means ‘not drunken’. The amethyst gemstone is said to instill a sober mind and bring sobriety and peace. Amethyst is often used as a healing stone to increase positive feelings, and to overcome fears, headaches or cravings. It is also used as a dream stone and to help insomnia. It is said that if you put an amethyst under your pillow it will bring about pleasant dreams. The amethyst is the birthstone for February.
The name aquamarine is derived from the Latin 'aqua' (water) and 'mare' (sea). Water of the sea refers to it’s beautiful range of light blue colors. Women around the world love it for its fine blue shades which can complement almost any skin or eye color. According to the old legends aquamarine promises a happy marriage and is said to bring the woman who wears it joy and wealth. It is also said to bring peace, serenity, wisdom and truth. Aquamarine is the birthstone for March.
Onyx stones are varieties of chalcedony. Colored bands create brown, white or black markings on the stone. Chalcedony is a form of quartz, which is why onyx stones have a crystalline look and texture. Opaque black onyx takes on extra polish in eye catching faceted cuts. It has the look of black diamond for lessIn Feng Shui the color black is associated with wealth and wisdom. Black onyx is the 7th anniversary gem and the zodiac gem for the sign of Leo.
Like all quartz varieties, black onyx is durable and suitable for everyday wear. Clean with mild dish soap: use a toothbrush to scrub behind the stone where dust can collect.
Citrine is named for the French word for “lemon”. This quartz crystal stone is yellow-orange in color. Most citrine is mined in Brazil, although some amounts are found in Madagascar and the United States. Centuries ago, the stone was believed to ward off evil spirits and poison. Citrine is one of three birthstones for the month of November and is the gem for the 13th anniversary.
This durable and brilliant gem is as easy to own as it is to wear. Clean with mild dish soap: use a toothbrush to scrub behind the stone where dust can collect.
Created deep within the earth millions of years ago, diamonds have come to symbolize forever. Combine unrivalled hardness with brilliance and you have the world's most popular gem. The ancient Greeks called diamond "adamas," meaning invincible, theorizing that something so beautiful must be the crystallized teardrops of the gods. The Romans thought diamonds were so brilliant they must be fallen stars. Most couples around the globe mark their engagement with a diamond ring.
Diamonds are judged according to the 4Cs: color, clarity, cut and carat weight. Gems with the least amount of color and the fewest imperfections are the most rare and valuable. The bigger the diamond, the higher its carat weight and the more it costs per carat. Cut is an extremely important value factor because the quality of a diamond's cut gives it its life and sparkle. All of our diamonds are conflict-free. Diamond is the birthstone for April and the gem of the 10th and 60th anniversary.
Diamond isn't unbreakable but it's very hard. To clean diamond jewelry, you can use mild dish soap or ammonia and water: use a toothbrush to scrub behind the stone where dust can collect. Ultrasonic cleaners are also a good way to clean diamond jewelry.
Emeralds striking green color makes it a popular choice for fine jewelry and rings. Derived from the mineral Beryl, emeralds get their brilliant green hue from a small amount of naturally occurring chromium. Emeralds can vary widely in color, from pale green to a deep bluish shade. Color, cut, clarity, and size are the four defining characteristics that determine the value of an emerald gemstone. Early emerald mining took place in Egypt, Austria, and Pakistan. Today, the highest quality stones are found in the Colombian mines.
Emerald is the birthstone for May and the gem of the 20th and 35th and 55th wedding anniversary. Symbolizing love, prosperity, and overall happiness, the emerald was known as the favorite jewel of Queen Cleopatra from ancient Egypt.
Although emerald is a very hard gem, emerald rings shouldn't be worn when working with your hands or exercising vigorously. Avoid cleaning emerald with hot soapy water or steam and never clean an emerald in an ultrasonic cleaner. Clean emerald with mild dish soap: use a toothbrush to scrub behind the stone where dust can collect.
Fire opals come from Mexico's volcanoes. They have a natural bright orange color that is so stunning it looks as though they might glow in the dark. Fire opal forms when water seeps into silica-rich lava, filling seams and hollows. Under heat and pressure, the silica forms a solid gel, trapping the remaining water within its structure. Small pebbles of fire opal are found embedded in lava flows. Fire opal, like all opal, has high water content. As a result, it should be protected from heat and prolonged exposure to strong light, which could dry it out.
Although fire opal is durable, it should be protected from scratches when not being worn and rings should be removed during heavy activity. Clean with mild dish soap: use a toothbrush to scrub behind the gem where dust can collect.
Garnets come in a wide variety of colors and are most frequently sought in a bold red color. Its wide spectrum of hues make garnet a highly versatile choice for fine jewelry applications. The gem is mined primarily in Europe, Russia, and South Africa. For centuries, garnets have served as enduring symbols of loyalty, kindness, honesty, and passion. Long ago, they were reputed to prevent and alleviate illness, often worn as a good luck charm by travelers. Garnet is the birthstone for January, the zodiac gem for Aquarius, and the gem for the second anniversary.
Garnet is most frequently sought in a bold red color, but can also take on shades of purple, pink, black, brown, yellow, green, orange, or blue, and is also sometimes found in colorless form. Many garnet stones exhibit dramatic color-changing properties according to the light source used to illuminate them.
Garnets are durable and suitable for everyday wear but protect them from sharp blows. Clean with mild dish soap: use a soft brush behind the stone where dust can collect.
Peridot is Found in volcanic lava, and formed under tremendous heat and pressure. peridot is mined in Arizona, Brazil, Kenya, Germany, Mexico, Australia, and the Hawaiian islands. Most commonly found in an olive green color, its shade can vary from light yellow-green to a brilliant kelly-green, dependent on the abundance of iron present in the stone. The price of a peridot stone rises with the intensity of its green coloring.
Peridot has a rich history rooted in spirituality and symbolism, with various connotations throughout the world. In ancient Egypt, the stone was believed to represent the sun, while Hawaiians claimed it symbolized the tears of revered goddess Pele. The birthstone for the month of August, peridot is the traditional stone for 16th wedding anniversaries.
With a hardness of 6.5, peridot is harder than metal but softer than many other gems. Store peridot jewelry with care to avoid scratches. When you wear it, protect it from blows. Because peridot is sensitive to rapid changes in temperature, never have it steam cleaned and avoid ultrasonic cleaners. Clean with mild dish soap: use a toothbrush to scrub behind the stone where dust can collect
Ruby is One of the most precious and rare of today’s naturally mined gemstones. Ruby is found in a diverse range of hues. The most valuable rubies are pure vivid red with no overtones. The darker and brighter the stone, the more it is worth. Named after ruber, the Latin word for red, the stone is mined primarily in Burma, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, and Kenya, and has also been found in various parts of the United States, including the Carolinas and Montana.
Ruby is the birthstone for the month of July, and the fifteenth and fortieth wedding anniversary gem. Second only to diamonds in regard to hardness and quality, a fine ruby stone will endure beautifully for generations.
Ruby, like sapphire, is the mineral corundum, a crystalline form of aluminum oxide. Corundum has a hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale and is also extremely tough: in its common form, it is used to polish other gems. As a result, rubies are durable and suitable for everyday wear. Clean with mild dish soap: use a toothbrush to scrub behind the stone where dust can collect.
Sapphire comes from the Greek word for blue, sappheiros, and this gem provides the most beautiful blues of the gem kingdom. Most commonly sought in a cornflower blue shade, the sapphire exists in virtually every shade except red and orange-pink. Popular colors include yellow, green, pink, black, brown, and grey. Sapphire’s have been prized since ancient times for their beauty and durability, the sapphire is derived from the Corundum family of minerals. Sapphires are mined from the deepest layers of the earth’s crust. The highest quality stones are found in Sri Lanka, although other occurrences have been unearthed in Thailand, Myanmar, Madagascar, India, Brazil, Burma, and Australia. Rated at a 9 on the Mohs’ scale, which measures the hardness of precious gemstones, sapphires are nearly as strong as diamonds. Sapphire symbolizes fidelity and the soul. In ancient times, a gift of a sapphire was a pledge of trust and loyalty. This tradition makes sapphire a popular choice for engagement rings. Princess Diana is among the many women who followed the sapphire engagement tradition.
Pink sapphire is even rarer than blue. Pink sapphire ranges in color from bubblegum to strawberry and have a beauty all their own.Yellow sapphire looks a lot like a fancy yellow diamond, but is more affordable than a yellow diamond. Its sunny color. Yellow sapphires are rare and beautiful. They are also very durable.White sapphire also rivals diamond in rarity and beauty, offering the look and lasting value for less.
Sapphire is the September birthstone, the gem of the fifth and 45th wedding anniversary, and the zodiac gem for Virgo.Sapphires are durable and suitable for everyday wear. Clean with mild dish soap: use a soft brush behind the stone where dust can collect.
Tanzanite has a velvety purplish-blue unlike any other gem. First discovered in 1967 It is mined in only one place in the world, in Tanzania near the feet of Mount Kilimanjaro.. Tanzanite is derived from the mineral Zoisite. A large amount of pleochroism creates a striking luminescence and allows it to reflect blue, violet, and burgundy when its crystals are in the light.
Its rarity makes tanzanite a highly precious gemstone, exceeded only by rubies, emeralds, and sapphires. In 2002, it was adopted as a December birthstone, in the first change to the modern birthstone chart in nearly a century. It is also the gem of the 24th anniversary.
Tanzanite jewelry is a little more delicate than other gemstone jewelry and should not be set in a ring that will be worn during strenuous activity. Never clean tanzanite in an ultrasonic cleaner or have a ring resized or repaired without having the gem removed. Clean with mild dish soap: use a toothbrush to scrub behind the stone where dust can collect.
Topaz is one of the most versatile gems in nature's palette. It is affordable and available in both small and large sizes, making it a designer favorite.Our blue topaz has a bright and lively Swiss blue color that looks right set in all metals. Topaz jewelry complements almost everything in your wardrobe, from browns and grays to vivid tones. Blue was once the rarest color of topaz, but today it is the most common, thanks to a stable color enhancement process involving irradiation and heat that was developed in the 1970s.
The ancient Greeks believed that topaz has the power to increase strength and make its wearer invisible in times of emergency.
Blue topaz is a December birthstone and the gem for the fourth anniversary.
Tourmaline is named from the Sinhalese tura mali, which means "mixed stone." Tourmaline is available in a rainbow of colors and color combinations. It is found in igneous and metamorphic rocks in Brazil, Namibia, Zambia, Nigeria, Afghanistan, and the United States.
Pink tourmaline was an obsession for the last empress of China, who created a tourmaline rush in the San Diego area at the turn of the century, buying tons of California pink tourmaline for her court. Today, most pink tourmaline comes from Brazil.Green tourmaline has a restful green color that blends well with other gems. Green tourmaline from Brazil is also a beautiful and common type used today.Tourmaline is October's birthstone and the 8th anniversary gem.
Tourmaline is durable and suitable for everyday wear. Clean with mild dish soap: use a soft brush behind the stone where dust can collect.